Eggs have been making headlines news lately, and unfortunately, it’s not for their delicious and nutritious qualities. It’s because a bunch of them carrying the bacteria Salmonella made their way into grocery stores and homes. So what the heck is Salmonella, and how do you protect yourself from an infection?
Salmonella is bacteria that is commonly associated with raw and undercooked eggs, meat, and poultry products. The Center for Disease Control estimates that Salmonella causes about 1.2 million illnesses in the United States every year. You might recognize it as food poisoning. Symptoms typically appear within 6 to 48 hours after eating contaminated food, and include fever, abdominal cramping, and frequent trips to the toilet. Most people can ride it out and recover in about 4 to 7 days. Young children, senior citizens, and people with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to being seriously ill and could potentially need hospitalization.
As much as we love our backyard flock of chickens, we need to be aware that they can carry germs! We can get Salmonella not just from eggs, but from our birds, their coop, their food and water dishes, and the soil where they live and roam.
Eggs become contaminated in two ways. If a hen is carrying Salmonella germs, those germs can pass to the egg as it is being formed before the shell is made. The germs are then inside the eggs and we are exposed once we crack them open. The outside of an egg can become contaminated during the laying process, either from the hen herself or from the bedding in the nesting box.
Chickens might carry germs in their droppings or on their bodies, even though they appear healthy and clean. Salmonella bacteria can live in the environment, so germs can get on coops, dishes, plants, and soil. It easily transfers to our hands, shoes, and clothing when we’re caring for our flocks.
It all sounds a little scary, but fear not! We just need to follow some protocols for reducing our risk, and it’s a list of very simple tasks. By being aware, we are better armed to protect ourselves from infection.
- Always wash your hands with soap and water after handling your birds or working in your coop
- Keep your birds outside, don’t let them in the house
- Set aside a special pair of “coop shoes” and store them outside of the house
- Don’t eat or drink in the area where your chickens live
- Don’t kiss your chickens or snuggle them with your face
- Keep all poultry equipment out of the house
- Discard dirty or cracked eggs
- Stores eggs in the refrigerator at 40°F or colder
- Cook eggs until both the yolk and white are firm, with an internal temperature of 160°F or hotter
- Make sure foods that contain lightly cooked eggs are made only with pasteurized eggs
- Eat or refrigerate foods with eggs promptly after cooking
- Do not keep eggs warm or at room temperature for more than 2 hours
- Wash hands and items that touch raw eggs with soap and water
By simply washing your hands frequently and cooking your eggs thoroughly, you can really cut down on your risk of catching a nasty stomach bug. So love your chickens, enjoy your farm fresh eggs, but take the right steps to stay healthy!